Standardisation in the field of digital geographic information aims to establish a structured set of standards for information concerning objects or phenomena that are directly or indirectly associated with a location relative to the Earth.” (Danko, 2005)


Danko, D. M. 2005. Global Spatial Metadata Activities in the ISO/TC211 Geographic Information Domain. In World Spatial Metadata Standards (pp. 141-165). Elsevier Science.

Related Content


Interview with Marie-Françoise Voidrot, Europe Director of the Innovation Program at OGC

Marie-Francoise Voidrot studied meteorology and therefore knows the importance of satellite technology in predicting and monitoring weather patterns. She worked specifically on the integration of information needed by forecaster’s specialized decision tool using WMO standards for many years. Marie-Francoise is now the European Director of the innovation program at the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). She finds her work fascinating, as it is useful for the sustainability of humankind and for business development and any improvement is very quickly adopted and implemented.

Why geospatial standards matter: Benefits and challenges of EO data standardization

Even 115 years later, the Great Baltimore Fire—which burned down much of the city of Baltimore in the United States—still carries important lessons in standardization. Firefighters from hundreds of kilometres away were sent to assist in putting out the fire, but they could do little to help because their hose couplings did not fit Baltimore’s fire hydrants – meaning, the fire hoses were not standardized. The lack of standardization turned hundreds of firefighters into spectators as the city burned (OGC, ISO & IH, 2018, p.