Interferometric Reflectometry

GNSS-R interferometric reflectometry (also known as GNSS-IR, or GPS-IR for GPS signals) is a technique that uses data from geodetic-quality GNSS instruments for sensing the near-field environment. In contrast to positioning, atmospheric, and timing applications of GNSS, GNSS-IR uses signal to noise ratio (SNR) data. Software is provided to translate GNSS files, map GNSS-IR reflection zones, calculate GNSS-IR Nyquist frequencies, and estimate changes in the height of a reflecting surface from GNSS SNR data. (NOAA 2018)


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2018. last access: 11 December 2019.

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