Space Technologies

Space technologies encompass space-related technological advances and developments. (ESA, 2012) Multiple classification methods are possible for outer space technologies, and various organizations opt for different approaches. Technologies covered are Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Earth Observation (EO), Satellite Communication and Human Spaceflight. This classification was selected after multiple iterations based on discussions with UNOOSA staff. [NK1]

"Space technologies play an important role in many areas of activity within the United Nations. [...] As it is especially challenging for developing countries to access and use space-based information, the United Nations supports these Member States through satellite-derived information products, such as maps, and through capacity building and institutional strengthening." (UNOOSA, 2017)

 

Sources

"Space Technologies in the UN". UN-SPIDER Knowledge Portal, UNOOSA. 2017. http://www.un-spider.org/space-application/satellite-technology. [Accessed February 21, 2019]

"What is technology?". Space Engineering & Technology, ESA. Last modified October 15, 2012. http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering_Technology/What_is_…. [Accessed February 14, 2019]

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Merci à Jean Francois Regis Adoupou d'avoir traduit cet article volontairement.

La cartographie épidémiologique est utilisée depuis des siècles. A titre illustratif, John Snow, le père de l'épidémiologie, a créé une carte pour déterminer la cause de l’éclosion de l'épidémie de choléra en 1845, à Londres, au Royaume-Uni. La cartographie lui a permis de découvrir que l'eau contaminée était à l’origine de l'épidémie. 

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